The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act), commonly referred to as Phase 3 of the federal government’s response to the coronavirus outbreak, was enacted on March 27, 2020. See Ropes & Gray Alerts on CARES Act, and certain key tax provisions of CARES Act. The CARES Act created opportunities for corporations to receive tax refunds that otherwise may not have been available, and the chart below describes certain procedures by which corporations can request such refunds (subject to the notes below).
NOTE: The IRS recommended on April 8 that taxpayers await further instruction from the IRS before utilizing traditional processes to claim refunds under the CARES Act. Additional information will be posted to irs.gov in the coming days.
Updated 4/13/20 — The IRS announced temporary procedures to accept FAX transmissions of tentative refund claims (Form 1139), but at this time the IRS has not identified any other corporate forms. https://www.irs.gov/newsroom/temporary-procedures-to-fax-certain-forms-1139-and-1045-due-to-covid-19
Updated 4/21/20 — The IRS issued guidance setting forth the methods to obtain refunds or credits for a taxpayer that placed “qualified improvement property” into service after Dec 31, 2017. (Rev. Proc. 2020-25)
|How can a corporation get a refund for the 2018 or 2019 tax year (i.e., paid more tax than was due)?||Not yet filed federal income tax return:
Already filed federal income tax return:
|How does a calendar-year corporation carry back NOLs under the CARES Act?||
|What if a corporation desires not to carry back NOLs?||